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Abbreviations

When taking notes, it can be very difficult and frustrating to write as fast as the professor speaks.  You can make the job much easier by using abbreviations in your notes, instead of writing down each word in its entirety.  The following are some examples that you may use.  However, you want to make sure that your abbreviations are ones that you will remember later on!  You may develop your own system of abbreviations.  To get the most out of your abbreviations and notes, copy them after class, filling in any blanks and rewriting entire words.

  1.      Symbols and graphics

=  equal                      * important                >  greater than
≠  does not equal          **  very important          <  less than
&  and                         #  number                   $  cost, money
w/  with                        w/o  without                   vs.  versus, against
( )  { } [ ]  information that belongs together

2.      Abbreviations (don’t worry about punctuation)

ex or eg  = example                      NYC  = New York City            dept = department

3.      Use only the first syllable of the word.

pol = Politics             dem = democracy       lib = liberal

4.      Use the first syllable and only the first letter of the second

subj = subject             cons = conservative

5.      Eliminate the final letters; just use enough to recognize the abbreviation.

assoc = association       intro = introduction      info = information

6.      Omit vowels from the middle of words

bkgrd = background      gov = governor      rdng = reading

7.      Use apostrophes:

gov’t = government      cont’d = continued      am’t = amount

8.      Form a plural of an abbreviation by adding “s”:

libs = liberals      co-ops = cooperatives

If you would like to learn more about abbreviations, schedule an appointment with someone in Learning Support Services by calling 663-2281.